Diabetes & Obesity : How They are Linked Together?

Diabetes & Obesity : How They are Linked Together?

Accumulating too much body fat can cause type 2 diabetes, and the risk of type 2 diabetes increases linearly with an increase in body mass index (BMI). The research, published by the World Obesity Federation, predicts that 1 in 5 women and 1 in 7 men will be living with obesity by 2030. At the moment, 90% of adults with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.

Why Obesity Causes Diabetes

Overeating stresses the membrane network within cells called the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). When the ER has more nutrients to treat, it sends a warning signal to the cell to dampen the insulin receptors on the cell surface. This results in insulin resistance and persistent high concentrations of glucose in the blood, a sure sign of diabetes.

In obese people, the amount of NEFA, glycerol, hormones, cytokines, pro-inflammatory substances and other substances which are involved in the development of insulin resistance is increased. Insulin resistance and impaired β cell function lead to the development of diabetes.

The Link Between Diabetes and Obesity-

  • In contrast to type 2 diabetes, most people with type 1 diabetes are not obese. But there is a link between obesity and the development of type I diabetes.
  • Insulin resistance is also a major contributor to type 2 diabetes. There are regular cycles of insulin sensitivity during the lifetime of a healthy person. But intermittent insulin resistance periods are resolved through continuous feedback between beta cells and insulin-sensitive tissues.
Type 2 diabetes can lead to a number of potentially fatal conditions, including:
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
It may also expose to-
  • Circulation problems
  • High blood pressure
  • Nervous system disorders
  • Blindness
  • Infections that are difficult to heal
Ways to treat and prevent type 2 diabetes by reduction of obesity:
Reduction of Obesity is the main goal to treat and prevent type 2 diabetes. The primary steps are:
  • Caloric intake increase
  • More physical activity

Effects of Weight Loss-

When someone has diabetes, they can start taking the medication so the pancreas will produce enough insulin. But prior to that, the person needs medication for diabetes. Losing as little as 5% to 10% of your total body weight can greatly improve type 2 diabetes.

Sudden changes in diet and physical activities may not be possible but the Hope Obesity team will guide you to lead a healthy life. To know more contact Hope Team at +91 7227858598

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